rsample contains a set of functions to create different types of resamples and corresponding classes for their analysis. The goal is to have a modular set of methods that can be used across different R packages for:

  • traditional resampling techniques for estimating the sampling distribution of a statistic and
  • estimating model performance using a holdout set

The scope of rsample is to provide the basic building blocks for creating and analyzing resamples of a data set but does not include code for modeling or calculating statistics. The “Working with Resample Sets” vignette gives demonstrations of how rsample tools can be used.

Note that resampled data sets created by rsample are directly accessible in a resampling object but do not contain much overhead in memory. Since the original data is not modified, R does not make an automatic copy.

For example, creating 50 bootstraps of a data set does not create an object that is 50-fold larger in memory:


#> 2,644,640 B

boots <- bootstraps(LetterRecognition, times = 50)
#> 6,686,512 B

# Object size per resample
#> 133,730.2 B

# Fold increase is <<< 50
#> [1] 2.528326

Created on 2020-05-07 by the reprex package (v0.3.0)

The memory usage for 50 bootstrap samples is less than 3-fold more than the original data set.


To install it, use:


And the development version from GitHub with:

# install.packages("devtools")


This project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.

  • For questions and discussions about tidymodels packages, modeling, and machine learning, please post on RStudio Community.

  • If you think you have encountered a bug, please submit an issue.

  • Either way, learn how to create and share a reprex (a minimal, reproducible example), to clearly communicate about your code.

  • We welcome contributions, including typo corrections, bug fixes, and feature requests! If you have never made a pull request to an R package before, rsample is an excellent place to start. Find an issue with the help wanted ❤️ tag, comment that you’d like to take it on, and we’ll help you get started.

  • Check out further details on contributing guidelines for tidymodels packages and how to get help.